PETA has a long history of
working closely with government agencies, industries, and educational
institutions to push for humane, effective non-animal tests. In the last
decade, PETA's efforts have expanded to include the direct funding of the
development and validation of modern non-animal tests. Validation is the process by which the reliability and relevance of a
test method is established and is a requirement before adoption of a test
method by national and international regulatory agencies (even though no such
scientific validation is required for animal tests). To date, PETA and
its international affiliates have provided more than $1
million in funding for the development and validation of promising non-animal
test methods and other alternatives
to replace animal testing. This funding doesn't compare to the billions of dollars
wasted by the federal
government, companies, universities, and
charities on cruel and misleading
animal experiments, but it is crucial for getting animals out of laboratories.
allergy or sensitization testing is commonly performed on a wide range of
chemicals, including those found in pesticides, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals.
In the first
validation of a non-animal method funded by an animal protection organization, PETA's overseas affiliate PETA
U.K. awarded a $130,000 grant to CeeTox,
Inc., for the validation of a non-animal skin allergy test for
cosmetics. In the current animal tests, 32 to 80 guinea pigs or 16 to 60 mice
have chemical substances repeatedly smeared onto their skins or injected into
their bodies before they are killed. These tests take weeks and cost $4,000 to
$7,000 each. The new non-animal test, intended as a full replacement for the
current animal tests, takes three to four days to complete and will cost less than half as much as the animal
of this testing method is particularly timely in light of the upcoming ban on sales of cosmetics in
Europe that have been tested on animals. As of 2013, cosmetics that have been
tested on animals will no longer be able to be marketed in the European Union,
putting pressure on cosmetics companies to replace the use of animals in
testing if they want to sell their products in the E.U.
Click here to listen to PETA's interview with Michigan's PBS station
about the CeeTox grant.
PETA U.K. also provided funds to support the
validation of a non-animal skin irritation method that was subsequently
accepted by the Organisation
for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and that can replace the
use of rabbits in skin testing worldwide.
the McGrath Family Foundation of San Diego, which supports PETA's efforts to
replace animals in laboratories with modern alternatives, PETA awarded a $62,000
grant to the International
QSAR Foundation (IQF) to develop computer models to
test the cancer-causing potential of chemicals and drugs in their development
stages. Currently, every time that a
drug or a chemical is tested on animals to see if it causes cancer, as many as
400 animals are force-fed that drug or chemical for one to two years and then killed.
Besides using no animals whatsoever, the new test will also be more precise
than the animal-based tests.
This funding will support the acceptance of an alternative
to carcinogenicity testing for drug development, cosmetics ingredients, and
chemical testing. The IQF's sophisticated models
are a critical first step toward completely eliminating the use of animals in
In addition to the IQF grant for a non-animal cancer testing
method, PETA has provided more than $250,000 in the past five years to the IQF to help fund the development of the OECD
QSAR Toolbox, a collection of computer models and databases that can be used to
estimate toxicity—without the use of animals—for a wide range of chemicals and
health effects. The OECD QSAR Toolbox will allow scientists and regulatory
officials of the more than 30 OECD-member countries to access
information about chemical toxicity and avoid animal testing when complying
with chemical regulations. Although it's hard to predict the exact number,
these tools will collectively provide information that will save tens of
thousands of animals from chemical testing.
Other IQF projects funded in part by PETA have included
development of non-animal models to test for acute toxicity, allergic
reactions, and endocrine activity.
Click here to help support PETA's efforts
to fund alternatives to cruel and outdated animal tests.
Almost all of us grew up eating meat, wearing leather, and going to circuses and zoos. We never considered the impact of these actions on the animals involved. For whatever reason, you are now asking the question: Why should animals have rights? Read more.